Lukas Hardt

Lukas Hardt


I obtained a BSc in Sustainable Development from the University of St Andrews in 2014. In my BSc studies I focused on ecology and the interactions between social and ecological systems. During this time I started to develop an interest in ecological economics and the relationship between the economic system and environmental and social challenges. I followed this interest by completing a Masters degree in ecological economics at the University of Leeds in 2015.

In 2016 I started my PhD research at the University of Leeds and since 2018 I am also employed as a part-time Research Fellow in parallel to my PhD. For both positions I am researching the macroeconomic implications of energy demand reductions in developed countries. 

Research interests

My research is concerned with the relationship between energy use and macroeconomic dynamics. I am interested in the overarching question of how we can achieve significant reductions in energy use while maintaining an economy that delivers well-being (but not necessarily growth) for everyone.

In my PhD research I am specifically investigating the relationship between energy use, economic growth and structural change in the economy. Questions that I am exploring include: How has structural change in the UK economy impacted energy consumption? How is energy consumption linked to labour productivity and how is that related to macroeconomic dynamics? What kind of structural changes do we need in developed economies to significantly reduce energy consumption while maintaining employment and financial stability? I am researching these questions using a range methods, including decomposition analysis and input-output models. 

My research fellow position is concerned with the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth in the UK. Using the macroeconometric model MARCO-UK, I am researching the question of how macroeconomic policies in the UK might impact energy consumption and hence interfere with other policy goals in the climate and energy field. In addition I am conducting a review of how energy demand is represented in the analytical models influencing UK energy policy. 

Both my PhD and research fellow position are affiliated with the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC).


  • MSc, Sustainability, Ecological Economics, University of Leeds

Research groups and institutes

  • Economics and Policy for Sustainability
  • Sustainability Research Institute
  • Energy and Climate Change Mitigation