Dr Stephen Hall

Dr Stephen Hall


Dr Stephen Hall is the Programme Leader for MSc Sustainable Cities and holds several research grants exploring smart energy systems. He is interested in the links between low carbon innovation, economics, energy, climate change and society. In particular he is interested in the role of cities in low carbon futures.

Steve has undertaken international work on urban emissions modelling, infrastructure finance and energy decarbonisation. Steve has recently published research on innovative business models for energy transitions, how finance and ownership models have both technical and social effects on energy systems, and how cities can play a key role in decentralised energy expansion. Steve’s work has been incorporated into national energy policy, used by the Infrastructure Commission, and adopted by the International Energy Agency.

Steve's work on the 'Innovation Interface' between smart cities, smart grids and electric vehicles is now live!

PhD Sustainable Infrastructure - University of Hull

Associate member of the Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy - www.cccep.ac.uk/Home.aspx

Member of the International Society for Ecological Economics - http://www.isecoeco.org/

Associate Research Fellow at the Bauman Institute http://baumaninstitute.leeds.ac.uk/

  • Infrastructure finance
  • Ecological Economics
  • Energy Transitions
  • Urban energy systems and resource planning
  • Urban political economy
  • Low - carbon infrastructure
  • Sustainable economic development

I have two current research projects with external Partners.

Horizon 2020 PROSEU project https://proseu.eu/ Exploring how a single European electricity market can support decentralised generation and prosumption.

Bus 2 Grid UKRI project. Working with industry on new business models for electric heavy vehicles to support the electricity system.

Journal Articles

Hall, S., Mazur, C., Hardy, J., Workman, M. and Powell, M., 2020. Prioritising business model innovation: What needs to change in the United Kingdom energy system to grow low carbon entrepreneurship?. Energy Research & Social Science60, p.101317. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2019.101317 

Brown, D., Hall, S. and Davis, M.E., (2019). Prosumers in the post subsidy era: an exploration of new prosumer business models in the UK. Energy Policy135, p.110984. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110984 

Grafius, D.R., Hall, S., McHugh, N. and Edmondson, J.L., (2019) How much heat can we grow in our cities? Modelling UK urban biofuel production potential. GCB Bioenergyhttps://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12655 

Mazur, C., Hall, S., Hardy, J. and Workman, M., (2019). Technology is not a Barrier: A Survey of Energy System Technologies Required for Innovative Electricity Business Models Driving the Low Carbon Energy Revolution. Energies12(3), p.428.  https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030428

Hall,S., Jonas, A.E.G., Shepherd, S., Wadud, Z., (2018) The smart grid as commons: exploring alternatives to infrastruct.ure financialisation, Urban Studies, doi.org/10.1177/0042098018784146 

Platt, D., Workman, M. and Hall, S., 2018. A novel approach to assessing the commercial opportunities for greenhouse gas removal technology value chains: Developing the case for a negative emissions credit in the UK. Journal of Cleaner Production, 203, pp.1003-1018.

Hall, S., Roelich, K., Davis, D., Holstenkamp, L., (2018) Finance and Justice in Low Carbon Energy Transitions, Applied Energy 222, pp. 772-780. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.04.007

Wegner M-S; Hall S; Hardy J; Workman M (2017) Valuing energy futures; a comparative analysis of value pools across UK energy system scenarios, Applied Energy, 206, pp.815-828. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.08.200

Colenbrander S, Gouldson AP, Roy J, Kerr N, Hall S, Sudmant A, Sarkar S, Ghatak A, Chakravarty D, Gangly D, McAnulla F; (2016) Can Low Carbon Urban Development be Pro Poor? The case of Kolkata, India, Environment and Urbanisation, 1–20. DOI: 10.1177/0956247816677775

Karatayev, M., Hall, S., Kalyuzhnova, Y. and Clarke, M.L., 2016. Renewable energy technology uptake in Kazakhstan: Policy drivers and barriers in a transitional economy. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 66, pp.120-136.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.07.057

Hall, S., & Roelich, K.E., (2016) Business model innovation in electricity supply markets: the role of complex value in the United Kingdom, Energy Policy,doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2016.02.019

Hall, S., Foxon, T.J., Bolton, R. (2016) 'Financing the civic energy sector: How financial institutions affect ownership models in Germany and the United Kingdom.' Energy Research & Social Science 12: 5-15.doi:10.1016/j.erss.2015.11.004

Bolton, R., Foxon, T.J., Hall, S., (2015), Energy transitions and uncertainty: Creating low carbon investment opportunities in the UK electricity sector Environment and Planning C, DOI: 10.1177/0263774X15619628

Gouldson, A., Colenbrander, S., Sudmant., A., Papargyropoulou, E., Kerr, N., McAnulla, F., Hall, S., (2015) Cities and Climate Change Mitigation: Economic opportunities and governance challenges in Asia, Cities, doi:10.1016/j.cities.2015.10.010

Gouldson, A., Colenbrander, S., Sudmant, A., McAnulla, F., Kerr, N., Sakai, P., Hall, S., Papargyropoulou, E., Kuylenstierna, Y., (2015) Exploring the Economic Case for Climate Action in Cities, Global Environmental Change, 35, pp.93-105. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.07.009

Hall, S., Foxon T.J., Bolton, R., (2015) Investing in low carbon transitions: Energy finance as an Adaptive Market, Climate Policy, doi: 10.1080/14693062.2015.1094731

Foxon, T. J., Bale, C. S., Busch, J., Bush, R., Hall, S., & Roelich, K. (2015). Low carbon infrastructure investment: extending business models for sustainability. Infrastructure Complexity, 2(1), 1-13. doi:10.1186/s40551-015-0009-4

Hall, S., Foxon, T.J., (2014) Values in the Smart Grid: the co-evolving political economy of smart distribution, Energy Policy, doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2014.08.018

Hall, S., & Jonas, A. E. (2014). Urban fiscal austerity, infrastructure provision and the struggle for regional transit in Motor City. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, (2014) 7 (1): 189-206. doi: 10.1093/cjres/rst031

Johnson, V., Hall, S., (2014) Community energy and equity: The distributional implications of a transition to a decentralised electricity system, People, Place and Policy, 8/3, pp. 149-167. doi: 10.3351/ppp.0008.0003.0002

Reports and Working Papers

Hall,S., (2018) The Smart Route to Electric Vehicles, Smart Energy GB, May, 2018.

Hall, S., Shepherd, SP., Wadud, Z., (2017) The Innovation Interface: Business model innovation for electric vehicle futures, University of Leeds; Supported by the Future Cities Catapult and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Hall, S., Roelich, K.E., (2015) Local Electricity Supply: Opportunities, archetypes and outcomes. Ibuild/RTP Independent Report. March 2015, Available online at: https://research.ncl.ac.uk/ibuild/outputs/reports/local_electricity_supply_report_WEB.pdf 

Hall, S., Foxon T.J., Bolton, R., (2015) The New Civic Energy Sector; civil society institutions and energy infrastructure transitions in Germany and the UK, Realising Transition Pathways Working Papers 2015/01

Hall, S., with Barton, J., Emmanuel-Yusuf, D., Johnson, J., Longhurst, N., Grady, A., Robertson, E., Robinson, E., Sherry-Brennan, F., Cited as: Realising Transition Pathways Engine Room (2015). Distributing Power: A transition to a civic energy future. Realising Transition Pathways Research Consortium.

Gouldson, A., Colenbrander, S., McAnulla, F., Sudmant, A., Kerr, N., Sakai, P., Hall, S. and Kuylenstierna, J. C. I., 2014. Exploring the Economic Case for Low-Carbon Cities. New Climate Economy contributing paper. Sustainability Research Institute, University of Leeds, and Stockholm Environment Institute, York, UK.

Gouldson, A; Colenbrander, S; Kerr, N; McAnulla, F; Hall, S; Sudmant, A; Roy, J; Sarkar, S; Ghatak, A; Chakravarty, D; Ganguly, D. (2014). The Economics of Low Carbon Cities. Kolkata, India . Leeds, UK. Available from http://www.climatesmartcities.org/

Foxon, T.J; Hall, S. (2014) Economic evaluation of passive provision in sustainable energy provision In: Brown, A; Robertson, M (Eds); Economic evaluation of systems of infrastructure provision: concepts, approaches, methods, iBUILD/Leeds Report

Hall, S. (2013)Securing the Green Economy, city strategies for exploiting green growth, In Monaghan, E; Wurzel, R; Jonas, A.E.G; Gibbs, D; Connelly J and Eden, S (2013) New Climate Alliances.

National and International Press

Hall, S., (2015) Is distributed energy the future of power? Agenda, World Economic Forum.

  • Also reproduced in Hall, S., (2015) Green power! Civic energy could provide half our electricity by 2050, The Ecologist, March 2015.

Hall, S., Roelich, K.E., (2015) ‘Big six’ energy firms should be wary of the little six thousand, The Conversation, March 2015

Hall, S., (2015) What is civic energy and why is it important now? APSE Direct News, January February 2015

Recent (selected) Conference Papers

Hall, S Anable., J (2018), Do consumers want the new business models we can offer? British Institute of Energy Economics, Oxford 17-18th September 2018

Hall, S., (2015) Urban Energy Transitions, British Council Newton Al Farabi Partnership workshop, Astana, August 2015

Hall, S., Foxon, T.J., Bolton, R., (2015) Investing in low carbon transitions: Energy finance as an Adaptive Market, European Society FOR Ecological Economics 11th Biennial Conference, Leeds 2015

Hall S., Jonas, A.E.G., (2015), Networks of Power: Financing smart grids and urban economic development , American Association of Geographers (AAG) Annual Meeting, 21-25 April 2015, Chicago Session Title: Financing and Governing Infrastructure

Hall, S., (2015) Low carbon urbanisation: Economics of emission reductions in fast growing cities Sustainable cities workshop: L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Astana (Kazakhstan), 26th-30th January, 2015

Hall, S., Foxon, T.J., Bolton, R., (2014) The new ‘civic’ energy sector: implications for ownership, governance and financing of low carbon energy infrastructure, International Workshop on Sustainable Heating Provisions and Cities: Theory, Practice and Future Implications, Edinburgh, 2‑3 October 2014

Hall, S., Foxon, T.J., Bolton, R., (2014) The new ‘civic’ energy sector: implications for ownership, governance and financing of low carbon energy infrastructure, British Institute of Energy Economics, 10th Academic Conference, September 17th – 18th 2014, St John’s College, Oxford

Hall, S., Foxon, T.J., (2014), Values in the Smart Grid: the co-evolving political economy of smart distribution , ESEIA Smart Green Transitions Conference at the University of Twente, 25th April 2014

Hall, S., Jonas, A.E.G., (2013) Urban crisis and the struggle for regional transit in motor city, Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, 9-13th April, 2013.


  • Programme Manager MSc Sustinable Cities
<h4>Research projects</h4> <p>Any research projects I'm currently working on will be listed below. Our list of all <a href="https://environment.leeds.ac.uk/dir/research-projects">research projects</a> allows you to view and search the full list of projects in the faculty.</p>

Research groups and institutes

  • Sustainable Cities
  • Energy and Climate Change Mitigation
  • Sustainability Research Institute

Current postgraduate researchers

<h4>Postgraduate research opportunities</h4> <p>We welcome enquiries from motivated and qualified applicants from all around the world who are interested in PhD study. Our <a href="https://phd.leeds.ac.uk">research opportunities</a> allow you to search for projects and scholarships.</p>