Dr Gillian Young
I joined the Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences in March 2019 as a polar cloud modeller from the British Antarctic Survey (BAS). At BAS, I worked within the Atmosphere, Ice, and Climate science team on the Microphysics of Antarctic Clouds (MAC) NERC-funded campaign. My role involved modelling Antarctic cloud physics with the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, with a focus on how secondary ice production in these clouds can affect cloud radiative forcing.
Prior to BAS, I completed my PhD in Arctic cloud physics at the University of Manchester's Centre for Atmospheric Science in 2016, as part of the Aerosol-Cloud Coupling And Climate Interactions in the Arctic (ACCACIA) campaign. I worked heavily with the Met Office Large Eddy Model (LEM), conducting various high-resolution studies of how Arctic mixed-phase clouds respond to small-scale internal, and larger-scale external, changes. I also worked with aircraft measurements during ACCACIA: I developed analysis software to categorise aerosol particle composition measurements – made using Scanning Electron Microscopy coupled with Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) – into atmospherically-relevant aerosol species, in addition to using a suite of aircraft instruments to investigate microphysical changes of low-level clouds as cold Arctic airmasses move from over the sea ice to the comparatively-warm ocean.
Now, I've switched back to the Arctic in my current role, and will be modelling clouds observed aboard the Swedish icebreaker Oden during the Microbiology-Ocean-Cloud Coupling in the High Arctic (MOCCHA) campaign with the Met Office Unified Model (UM).
Outside of my official appointments, I'm active in the Arctic and Antarctic international atmospheric science communities. I'm involved with the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) Antarctic Clouds and Aerosols action group and am an International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) Early Career Fellow with their Atmosphere Working Group. Through IASC I have become a member of the PACES (air Pollution in the Arctic: Climate, Environment, and Societies) steering committee and, together with IASC and PACES colleagues, we've founded a new PACES science programme focusing on Arctic aerosol-cloud interactions, called QuIESCENT Arctic (Quantifying the Indirect Effect: from Sources to Climate Effects of Natural and Transported aerosol in the Arctic). The QuIESCENT Arctic platform provides a forum to discuss advances in our knowledge of Arctic aerosol-cloud interactions from recent measurement campaigns and facilitate coordination with the modelling community to implement this new understanding in the numerical models we use to predict the effects of Arctic Amplification and climate change.
As a cloud physicist, I study the small-scale interactions in polar clouds which drive their development, evolution, and lifetime. I've used a number of numerical models, from large eddy simulation to weather prediction spatial and temporal scales, to conduct detailed studies of the physical processes within Arctic and Antarctic clouds.
The interaction between aerosol particles and clouds is a key uncertainty in global climate models, and trying to better understand these interactions consumes a significant portion of my time! I use high-resolution models to try to learn more about the variability and sensitivity of aerosol-cloud interactions to different particle sources. In particular, I am interested in the role of these interactions in the unique polar environment and aim to understand how particles in the polar atmosphere interact with clouds as cloud condensation nuclei or ice nucleating particles, forming cloud droplets and ice crystals respectively. Polar aerosol sources range from local to distant – via long-range transport pathways – thus adding further complexity into understanding aerosol-cloud interactions: if we don’t know what aerosol are there, then we can’t truly understand how important they are in influencing the clouds in the region.
Or, to summarise:
- Polar clouds
- Cloud microphysics and dynamics
- Aerosol-cloud-radiation interactions
- Arctic and Antarctic aerosol chemistry
- Machine learning/Big Data
- PhD Atmospheric Physics (2016): University of Manchester
- MSci Physics and Astronomy (2013): University of Glasgow
- Early Career Fellow with the International Arctic Science Committee (Atmosphere Working Group)
- Member of the European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Research groups and institutes
- Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science