Dr Catherine (Frin) Bale

Dr Catherine (Frin) Bale


I am University Academic Fellow jointly appointed between the School of Chemical and Process Engineering and the School of Earth and Environment, which reflects my interdisciplinary approach to research in energy across the disciplines of engineering, economics and social science.

Before joining the university in 2010, I worked in the public sector, developing strategic programmes to support the energy and environmental sectors.


  • Co-lead Energy and Climarte Change Mitigation Research Group
  • Management board member of the Priestley International Centre for Climate Change

Research interests

My research interests are centred on:

  • The application of complexity science modelling methods to energy challenges at the technology-policy interface.
  • The delivery of national energy policy at the local level and the role of local authorities in city-level energy decision-maki

Current projects:

I am currently Co-I on two EPSRC-funded projects:

The Consortium for Modelling and Analysis of Decentralised Energy Storage (C-MADEnS; EP/N001745/1; £1,136,810), leading a work-package (WP) on public perceptions of decentralised storage technologies and co-leading an integrative WP that will apply findings from across the project in case-study cities.

ASCEND, a project on the use of whole energy system analysis in decision-making across scales (EP/R002231/1; £60,440) which I contribute on heat systems and local actors in energy decision-making.

Previous projects:

I have recently completed an EPSRC post-doctoral fellowship 'Reducing heat demand in UK cities: Using complexity science to enable effective decision-making' (EP/K022288/1).

I was PI on a project awarded from the Chesshire-Lehmann Fund entitled 'Spatial mapping tools for district heating: helping local authorities tackle fuel poverty'.

I was also a researcher in the iBUILD consortium which is funded by EPSRC and ESRC and aims to develop new business models to improve the delivery of infrastructure systems and the services they provide.

From 2010-2013 I was a research fellow on the City Energy Futures project; an interdisciplinary project bringing together mathematicians, computer simulation scientists, engineers and social scientists to investigate the use of complexity modelling in city-level energy decision-making.

I co-lead the Energy and Climate Change Mitigation research group with Dr Katy Roelich.

<h4>Research projects</h4> <p>Any research projects I'm currently working on will be listed below. Our list of all <a href="https://environment.leeds.ac.uk/dir/research-projects">research projects</a> allows you to view and search the full list of projects in the faculty.</p>


  • DPhil, Atmospheric Chemisty, University of Oxford
  • MChem, University of Oxford

Professional memberships

  • Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
  • Associate Member of the Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy

Student education

I teach on Energy Transitions, and supervise a number of undergraduate and masters projects.

I also teach in the School of Chemical and Process Engineering and lead a module for the Leeds International Summer School on Renewable Energy.

I co-supervise several PhD students across topics in energy transitions.

Research groups and institutes

  • Energy and Climate Change Mitigation
  • Sustainable Cities
<h4>Postgraduate research opportunities</h4> <p>We welcome enquiries from motivated and qualified applicants from all around the world who are interested in PhD study. Our <a href="https://environment.leeds.ac.uk/research-opportunities">research opportunities</a> allow you to search for projects and scholarships.</p>