Dr Paul Waley

Profile

My research grows out of a strong focus on specific geographic settings, primarily in East Asia. Tokyo has provided the context for much of my research, but I have also worked in Taipei and am currently involved in research projects in Nanjing, Shanghai and Anhui Province. My work can be grouped into five areas of interest: urban restructuring and gentrification in Chinese cities, contemporary East Asian cities in comparative perspective, representations of the city, urban change in South East Europe, and traditional retail markets. I have an additional special interest in Belgrade and its modernist district, New Belgrade.

I am happy to supervise PhD students who are interested in working on the above areas.

Urban restructuring and gentrification in Chinese cities

Urbanisation in China has been a state-led project of daunting proportions. Recent and current research examines some of the issues and contradictions that have resulted. There are several areas of particular interest. One is the role of the state and state corporations in orchestrating the urbanisation process in cities such as Shanghai and Kunming (Yunnan Province). The second is concerned with the gentrification process as it plays itself out in the context of commercially inspired moves by local governments to conserve architectural heritage, especially in Nanjing. Thirdly, I am working on the role of the state in developing cultural industry clusters, focussing in particular on Ningbo (Zhejiang Province). These research projects are being conducted with colleagues Jiang Yanpeng (East China Normal University), Chen Hao (Nanjing University), Ma Renfeng (Ningbo University) and Wu Qiyan (Xi'an Jiaotong University). With Dr Jiang, I am currently involved in a project examining state rescaling and the role of local government in place promotion in southern Anhui Province.

Recent publications

Jiang Y., P. Waley and S. González (2018) 'Nice apartments, no jobs': how former villagers experienced displacement and resettlement in the western suburbs of Shanghai. Urban Studies DO!: 10.1177/0042098017740246.

Jiang Y. and P. Waley (2018) Shenhong: the anatomy of an urban investment and development company in the context of China's state corporatist urbanism. Journal of Contemporary China 27:112, 596-610.

Wu Q. and P. Waley (2018) Configuring growth coalitions among the projects of urban aggrandizement in Kunming, Southwest China. Urban Geography 39:2, 282-298.

Jiang Y., P. Waley and S. González. (2016) Shanghai swings: the Hongqiao project and competitive urbanism in the Yangtze River Delta. Environment and Planning A 48:10, 1928-1947.

Jiang Y., P. Waley and S. González (2016) Shifting land-based coalitions in Shanghai’s second hub. Cities 52: 30-38.

Wu Q., Zhang X. and P. Waley (2016) When Neil Smith met Pierre Bourdieu in Nanjing, China: bringing cultural capital into rent gap theory. Housing Studies 32:5, 659-677.

Wu Q., Zhang X. and P. Waley (2016) Jiaoyufication: When gentrification goes to school in the Chinese inner city. Urban Studies 53:16, 3510-3526.

Waley, P. (2013) Cities in transcontinental context: A comparison of mega urban projects in Shanghai and Belgrade. SPATIUM International Review 13, 7-11.

Contemporary East Asian cities in comparative perspective

With Tokyo as the starting point, my research seeks to engage with understandings of the role of the state and capital in shaping Japanese and Chinese cities. I am interested in examining the application of  urban concepts and terms like gentrification that have been hatched in the academies of North America and Europe and argue for the relevance of gentrification to the understanding of urban conditions in East Asia. I am also interested in the way that a lack of comparative urban research in East Asia has tended to sideline and ‘orientalise’ work on Japanese cities. My aim is to help re-establish a wider regional setting for the study of East Asian cities.

Waley, P. (2016) Speaking gentrification in the languages of the Global East. Urban Studies 53:3, 615-625.

Waley, P. (2013) Pencilling Tokyo into the map of neoliberal urbanism. Cities 32: 43-50.

Waley, P. (2012) Japanese cities in Chinese perspective: towards a contextual, regional approach to comparative urbanism. Urban Geography 33:6, 816-828.

Percival, T., and P. Waley (2012) Articulating intra-Asian urbanism: the production of satellite cities in Phnom Penh. Urban Studies 49:13, 2873-2888.

Waley, P. (2007) 'Tokyo-as-World-City: Reassessing the Role of Capital and the State in Urban Restructuring.' Urban Studies 44:7, pp. 1465-1490.

Fiévé, N., and Waley, P. (eds) (2003) Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective: Place, Power and Memory in Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo, London, RoutledgeCurzon.

Traditional retail markets

Traditional retail markets are under threat in many countries, including Britain. While some local governments have appeared oblivious to their community value, recent research has drawn attention to their role as centres of civic society, as spaces for the provision of reasonably priced food for people on low incomes and as social venues where people come to spend convivial moments. I am a co-investigator in an ESRC-funded research project led by Dr Sara González, Understanding and Enhancing the Community Value of Traditional Retail Markets in UK Cities, that seeks to re-evaluate the role and importance of retail markets to local communities.

Recent publications
González, S., and P. Waley (2013) Traditional Retail Markets: The New Gentrification Frontier? Antipode 45:4, 965-983.

CURRENT RESEARCH STUDENTS

  • Ying Wanyun, Province-led region-building in China (with Dr H. Zhang)
  • Jeon Sungje, Gentrification of a traditional Korean housing area (with Dr S. González)
  • Daniel Caparros, Regeneration and Gentrification in Madrid’s Market Halls (with Dr S. González)
  • Lin Junfan, Taste and the Boundaries of Local Food: Exploring Social and Cultural Food Geographies in South China (with Dr D. Bell)
  • Asa Roast, Modernity and space in the post-socialist city: Chongqing as case study (with Dr D. Bell)
  • Arizka Warganegara, Transmigrasi, ethnic revivalism and power relations in Indonesia: the case of Lampung

RECENT PHD COMPLETIONS

  • Dr Zaid Perdana Nasution, Forest conservation, mining and local responses: drawing the boundaries in Batang Gadis National Park, North Sumatra, Indonesia (with Dr Oliver Fritsch)

  • Dr Nabati Ray, 2013-2017 -- Impacts of neoliberalised economies on small-scale entrepreneurships across various economic sectors: an empirical investigation in the Indian regional state of West Bengal (with Prof. G. Clarke).

  • Dr Liu Hui-Fang, 2012-2016 -- A critical analysis of culture-led urban regeneration policy in Taipei and beyond (with Dr S. Hodkinson)

  • Dr Jiang Yanpeng, 2010-2014 -- New Wave Urban Development in Shanghai: planning and building the Hongqiao transport hub and business zone (with Dr S. González)
  • Dr Nan Ying, 2010-2014 -- Construction of religious space and religious change of Tibetan Bon religion (with Dr R. Vanderbeck)
  • Dr Tom Gillespie, 2009-2013 -- Accumulation by urban dispossession: struggles over urban space in Accra, Ghana (with Dr S. Hodkinson)
  • Dr Tom Percival, 2009-2012 -- A ‘fourth world’ world city? Globalisation and urban change in Phnom Penh, Cambodia (with Dr S. González)
  • Dr Bertie Russell, 2008-2011 -- Political and philosophical manifestations of ‘representation’ within autonomous geographies (with Dr P. Chatterton)
  • Dr Pakorn Meksangsouy, 2008-2011 -- The globalisation of retailing in Thailand (with Prof. G. Clarke)
  • Dr Ulrika Åberg, 2006-2010 -- Monitoring river rehabilitation in Japan and the UK: at the confluence of people, environment and ecology (with Prof. J. Holden)

Papers (since 2000)

  • Jiang Y., P. Waley and S. González (2018) 'Nice apartments, no jobs': how former villagers experienced displacement and resettlement in the western suburbs of Shanghai. Urban Studies DO!: 10.1177/0042098017740246.

  • Jiang Y. and P. Waley (2018) Shenhong: the anatomy of an urban investment and development company in the context of China's state corporatist urbanism. Journal of Contemporary China 27:112, 596-610.

  • Wu Q. and P. Waley (2018) Configuring growth coalitions among the projects of urban aggrandizement in Kunming, Southwest China. Urban Geography 39:2, 282-298.

  • Jiang, Y., P. Waley and S. González. (2016) Shanghai swings: the Hongqiao project and competitive urbanism in the Yangtze River Delta. Environment and Planning A 48:10, 1928-1947.

  • Jiang Y., P. Waley and S. González (2016) Shifting land-based coalitions in Shanghai’s second hub. Cities 52: 30-38.
  • Waley, P. (2016) Speaking gentrification in the languages of the Global East. Urban Studies 53:3, 615-625. Doi:10.1177/0042098015615726.
  • Wu Q., Zhang X. and P. Waley (2016) When Neil Smith met Pierre Bourdieu in Nanjing, China: bringing cultural capital into rent gap theory. Housing Studies DOI: 10.1080/02673037.2016.1228849.
  • Wu Q., Zhang X. and P. Waley (2016) Jiaoyufication: When gentrification goes to school in the Chinese inner city. Urban Studies 53:16, 3510-3526. DOI: 10.1177/0042098015613234.
  • Waley, P. (2013) Cities in transcontinental context: A comparison of mega urban projects in Shanghai and Belgrade. SPATIUM International Review 13. Pp. 7-11.
  • Waley, P. (2013) Pencilling Tokyo into the map of neoliberal urbanism. Cities 32: 43-50.
  • González, S., and P. Waley (2013) Traditional Retail Markets: The New Gentrification Frontier? Antipode 45:4, 965-983.
  • Waley, P. (2013). Placing Tokyo in time and space. Journal of Urban History 39:2, 331-335.
  • Waley, P. (2012) Japanese cities in Chinese perspective: towards a contextual, regional approach to comparative urbanism. Urban Geography 33:6, 816-828.
  • Percival, T., and P. Waley (2012) Articulating intra-Asian urbanism: the production of satellite cities in Phnom Penh. Urban Studies 49:13, 2873-2888.
  • Waley, P. (2011) Commemoration, conservation, and commodification: representing the past in present-day Tokyo. Jinbun chiri (Human geography) 63:6, 56–70.
  • Waley, P., and U. Åberg. (2011) Finding space for flowing water in Japan’s densely populated landscapes. Environment and Planning A 43:10, 2321 – 2336.
  • Waley, P. (2011) From Modernist to Market Urbanism: The Transformation of New Belgrade. Planning Perspectives 26:2, 209-235.
  • Waley, P. (2010) From flowers to factories: a peregrination through changing landscapes on the edge of Tokyo. Japan Forum 22:4, 281-306.
  • Waley, P. (2009) Introducing Trieste: a cosmopolitan city? Social & Cultural Geography 10:3, pp. 243-256.
  • Waley, P. (2009) Distinctive patterns of industrial urbanisation in modern Tokyo, c. 1880–1930. Journal of Historical Geography 35:3, pp. 405–427.
  • Waley, P. (2007) Tokyo-as-world-city: reassessing the role of capital and the state in urban restructuring. Urban Studies 44:7, pp. 1465-1490.
  • Waley, P. (2006) Re-scripting the city: Tokyo from ugly duckling to cool cat. Japan Forum 18: 3, pp. 361-81.
  • Tan Hong-Jen and Waley, P. (2006) Planning through procrastination: the preservation of Taipei’s cultural heritage. Town Planning Review 77: 5, pp. 531-555.
  • Waley, P. (2005) Ruining and restoring rivers: the state and civil society in Japan. Pacific Affairs 78: 2, pp. 195-215.
  • Waley, P. (2005) Parks and landmarks: planning the Eastern Capital along western lines. Journal of Historical Geography 31:1, pp.1-16.
  • Phelps, N. and Waley, P. (2004) Capital versus the districts: A tale of one multinational company’s attempt to disembed itself. Economic Geography 80:2, pp. 191-215.
  • Waley, P. (2002) Moving the margins of Tokyo. Urban Studies 39:9, pp. 1533-50.
  • Waley, P., Li Heming, Rees, P. (2001) Reservoir resettlement in China: past experience and the Three Gorges Dam. Geographical Journal 167, pp. 195-212.
  • Waley, P. (2000) Following the flow of Japan’s river culture. Japan Forum 12:2, pp. 199-217.

Book chapters:

  • Waley, P. 2016. The Social Landscape of Edo. In K. Wigen, F. Sugimoto and C. Karacas, eds. Cartographic Japan: A History in Maps. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Pp. 81-84.
  • Waley, P. 2013. Modern Japanese Cities. In P. Clark, ed. The Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp. 542-560.
  • Waley, P. (2012) Who cares about the past in today’s Tokyo? In C. Brumann and E. Schulz, eds. Urban Spaces in Japan: Social and Cultural Perspectives. London: Routledge. Pp. 148-166.
  • Waley, P. (2011) The urbanization of the Japanese landscape. In V. Lyon Bestor, T. Bestor and A. Yamagata, eds. Routledge Handbook of Japanese Culture and Society. London: Routledge. Pp. 89-100.
  • Waley, P. and Purvis, M. (2004) Sustaining the flow: Japanese waterways and new paradigms of development. In Purvis, M. and Grainger, A. (eds) Exploring Sustainable Development: Geographical Perspectives. London, Earthscan.
  • Waley, P. and Fiévé, N. (2002) Kyoto and Edo-Tokyo: urban histories in parallels and tangents. In Waley, P. and Fiévé, N. (eds) Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective: Place, Power and Memory in Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo. London, RoutledgeCurzon, pp. 1-37.
  • Waley, P. (2002) A ferry to the factory: crossing Tokyo’s Great River into a new world. In Waley, P. and Fiévé, N. (eds) Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective: Place, Power and Memory in Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo. London, RoutledgeCurzon, pp. 208-232.
  • Waley, P. (2002) Conclusion: power, memory, and place. In Waley, P. and Fiévé, N. (eds) Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective: Place, Power and Memory in Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo. London, RoutledgeCurzon, pp. 385-391.
  • Waley, P. (2002) Journey into another world: Tokyo’s ferries and the transformation of landscape. In Blanchon, F. (ed.) Aller et Venir: Faits et Perspectives. Paris, Presses de l’Université de Paris-Sorbonne. Pp 147-73. ISBN 2-84050-147-3.
  • Waley, P. (2000) What’s a river without fish? Symbol, space and eco-system in the waterways of Japan. In Philo, C. and Wilbert, C. (eds) Animal Spaces, Beastly Places: New Geographies of Human-Animal Relations. London, Routledge, pp. 161-182.
  • Waley, P. (2000) Tokyo: Patterns of familiarity and partitions of difference. In Marcuse, P. and van Kempen, R. (eds) Globalizing Cities: A New Spatial Order? Oxford, Blackwell, pp 127-157.

Books

  • Waley, P. and Fiévé, N. (eds) (2003) Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective: Place, Power and Memory in Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo. London, RoutledgeCurzon.
  • Waley, P. and Tinios, E. (1999) On the Margins of the City: Scenes of Recreation from the periphery of the Japanese Capital, 1760-1860. Leeds, University of Leeds Press.
  • Waley, P. (1992) Fragments of a City: A Tokyo Anthology. Tokyo, Japan Times.
  • Waley, P. (1991) Tokyo, City of Stories. New York, Weatherhill.
  • Waley, P. (1984) Tokyo Now and Then. New York, Weatherhill.
<h4>Research projects</h4> <p>Any research projects I'm currently working on will be listed below. Our list of all <a href="https://environment.leeds.ac.uk/dir/research-projects">research projects</a> allows you to view and search the full list of projects in the faculty.</p>

Research groups and institutes

  • Social Justice, Cities, Citizenship

Current postgraduate research students

<h4>Postgraduate research opportunities</h4> <p>We welcome enquiries from motivated and qualified applicants from all around the world who are interested in PhD study. Our <a href="https://environment.leeds.ac.uk/research-opportunities">research opportunities</a> allow you to search for projects and scholarships.</p>