Dr Caroline Mullen

Dr Caroline Mullen


Publications: https://scholar.google.co.uk/citations?user=3TDjiv4AAAAJ&hl=en or scroll down this page



  • Programme manager: Sustainability in Transport MSc
  • Programme co-manager: Sustainable Cities MSc
  • Research Group leader: Social and Political Sciences

Research interests

Areas of work:

  • Understanding travel demand, travel needs and transport related social inclusion.
  • Environmental and social justice for sustainable transport, especially walking and cycling.
  • Application of political theory to policy and politics of sustainability in transport.
  • Governance: particularly theory and application of deliberative and reflexive governance.
  • Epistemology and research methods

Current Research Projects.

Previous projects:

  • RACER (Rapid acceleration of Car Emission Reductions), Energy Research Council, (UKERC, 2017-2018)
  • Energy poverty and social relations: understanding vulnerability through secondary qualitative analysis, White Rose Collaboration Fund, 2017
  • Need, mobility poverty and the ethics of the future cost of mobility: Greg Marsden and Caroline Mullen. Researcher, This is part of the DEMAND Centre: Dynamics of Energy, Mobility and Demand, 2014 - 2017 (ESRC/EPSRC with support from ECLEER (EDF R&D), Transport for London and the International Energy Agency)
  • CH4LLENGE: Addressing the four Key Challenges of Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning, 2013-2016 (Co-Funded by Intelligent Energy Europe).
  • Disruption: unlocking low carbon travel, Researcher (EPSRC, RCUK Energy).
  • Multi-level Governance, Transport Policy and Carbon Emissions Management, Researcher (ESRC)
  • Competitive Cities: The Network and Long term impacts of fiscal Management of Transport Demand, Researcher (EPSRC)
  • Understanding Walking and Cycling, Researcher (EPSRC)
<h4>Research projects</h4> <p>Any research projects I'm currently working on will be listed below. Our list of all <a href="https://environment.leeds.ac.uk/dir/research-projects">research projects</a> allows you to view and search the full list of projects in the faculty.</p>


  • PhD, School of Law, University of Manchester
  • MA, Philosophy, University of Leeds
  • BA (Hons), Philosophy, University of Leeds

Student education

Teaching and dissertation supervision on Undergraduate and Masters programmes and PhD supervision:

  • Sustainability, transport and social and environmental policy,
  • Mobility planning
  • Mobility justice
  • Public participation 
  • Research methods and epistemology and sustainable futures.

I am happy to discuss PhD proposals on topics including:

  • Urban mobility planning
  • Walking and cycling
  • Social, economic and environmental justice in mobility and transport

Research groups and institutes

  • Social and Political Sciences

Current postgraduate researchers

<h4>Postgraduate research opportunities</h4> <p>We welcome enquiries from motivated and qualified applicants from all around the world who are interested in PhD study. Our <a href="https://phd.leeds.ac.uk">research opportunities</a> allow you to search for projects and scholarships.</p>