Dr Caroline Mullen

Dr Caroline Mullen


Publications: https://scholar.google.co.uk/citations?user=3TDjiv4AAAAJ&hl=en (or scroll down this page)

PhD thesis https://www.librarysearch.manchester.ac.uk/discovery/fulldisplay?context=L&vid=44MAN_INST:MU_NUI&search_scope=MyInst_and_CI&isFrbr=true&tab=Everything&docid=alma992983072510101631




  • Programme manager: Sustainability in Transport MSc
  • School representative on Business, Environment and Social Sciences (AREA) Research Ethics Committee

Research interests

Areas of work:

  • Understanding travel demand, travel needs and transport related social inclusion.
  • Environmental and social justice for sustainable transport, especially walking and cycling.
  • Application of political theory to policy and politics of sustainability in transport.
  • Governance: particularly theory and application of deliberative and reflexive governance.
  • Epistemology and research methods

Current Research Projects.

  • CoCoMo – How can shared micro mobility (SMM) options best be combined with existing transport systems to increase accessibility for all and add to sustainable transportation solutions?
  • UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC) Phase 4 https://ukerc.ac.uk/about/people/caroline-mullen/ 

Previous projects:

  • The Centre for Research into Energy Demand Solutions (CREDS)  - Transport Theme, https://www.creds.ac.uk/people/caroline-mullen/
  • U-PASS Urban Public Administration and ServiceS innovation for Innovative Urban Mobility Management and Policy (no cost extension due to covid)
  • RACER (Rapid acceleration of Car Emission Reductions), Energy Research Council, (UKERC, 2017-2018)
  • Energy poverty and social relations: understanding vulnerability through secondary qualitative analysis, White Rose Collaboration Fund, 2017
  • Need, mobility poverty and the ethics of the future cost of mobility: Greg Marsden and Caroline Mullen. Researcher, This is part of the DEMAND Centre: Dynamics of Energy, Mobility and Demand, 2014 - 2017 (ESRC/EPSRC with support from ECLEER (EDF R&D), Transport for London and the International Energy Agency)
  • CH4LLENGE: Addressing the four Key Challenges of Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning, 2013-2016 (Co-Funded by Intelligent Energy Europe).
  • Disruption: unlocking low carbon travel, Researcher (EPSRC, RCUK Energy).
  • Multi-level Governance, Transport Policy and Carbon Emissions Management, Researcher (ESRC)
  • Competitive Cities: The Network and Long term impacts of fiscal Management of Transport Demand, Researcher (EPSRC)
  • Understanding Walking and Cycling, Researcher (EPSRC)
<h4>Research projects</h4> <p>Any research projects I'm currently working on will be listed below. Our list of all <a href="https://environment.leeds.ac.uk/dir/research-projects">research projects</a> allows you to view and search the full list of projects in the faculty.</p>


  • PhD, School of Law, University of Manchester
  • MA, Philosophy, University of Leeds
  • BA (Hons), Philosophy, University of Leeds

Student education

  • Programme manager: Sustainability in Transport MSc
  • Co-design of MSc Sustainable Cities and module leadership for Mobility systems, and Research and Methods for Urban Sustainablity
  • Teaching on: Sustainability, transport and social and environmental policy, Mobility planning, Mobility justice, Public participation, Research methods and epistemology and sustainable futures.
  • PhD supervision on inclusive mobility, active travel, governance of low carbon mobility transistions, accessible public transport. 

I am happy to discuss PhD proposals on topics including:

  • Urban mobility planning
  • Walking and cycling
  • Social, economic and environmental justice in mobility and transport

Research groups and institutes

  • Social and Political Sciences

Current postgraduate researchers

<h4>Postgraduate research opportunities</h4> <p>We welcome enquiries from motivated and qualified applicants from all around the world who are interested in PhD study. Our <a href="https://phd.leeds.ac.uk">research opportunities</a> allow you to search for projects and scholarships.</p>